Moses De Paiva, a Dutch Jew who visited Cochin in 1686 observes the tomb of Rabbi Samuel HaLevi, a Jewish scholar from Jerusalem, in Cherigandaram, an indication that the city existed at least until late 17th century. S. S. Koder, a prominent leader of Cochin Jews also speculates Cherigandaram as a region in Kodungallur with an old (extinct) Jewish cemetery, which he thinks as the burial place of Joseph Rabban, the first Jewish ruler of Shingly (Koder, 1986). The tombstone of Sarah Bat Israel, the oldest Jewish grave monument of India (dated 1269 A. D), is also thought to be relocated to Chendamangalam from Shingly (Katz, 2000), probably from the Cherigandaram cemetery. (Note: The tombstone’s origin from the Kottappuram or Kothaparambu regions of Kodungallur are also suggested). George Woodcock (1967) while describing the destruction of Cranganore in his book, “Kerala: A Portrait of the Malabar Coast”, p. 127, mentions that: “The devastation was so complete that, apart from a few tombstones, the only known relics of Anjuvannam are place names-the Hill of the Jews and the Jews’ Tank”. Where are the tombstones of Anjuvannam now; did the graves really exist at the time Woodcock was writing; and if so do they belong to the cemetery of Cherigandaram-a few queries pop out of curiosity.
exile to Cochin in the following stanzas (Avishur et al., 1995):